24M has unveiled a transformative new battery separator, which promises to redefine battery safety for electric vehicles (EVs) — 24M Impervio. This proprietary technology enables safety advancements for lithium-ion and lithium-metal batteries that will facilitate the prevention of catastrophic fires and massive recalls caused by metallic dendrites (i.e. dendrites from metal contamination introduced during the production process), electrode misalignments, or lithium dendrites.
The newly launched 24M Impervio achieves these results by obstructing metallic dendrite formation and measuring battery performance, enabling early fault detection.
While lithium-ion continues to be the preferred battery chemistry, it’s been plagued by safety challenges, including the formation of dendrites — metal structures that can build up on the anode surface potentially shorting the battery cell, which can lead to fires.
The 24M Impervio technology prevents this with a fail-safe approach to battery safety by:
- Dendrite prevention: starts at the source with a proprietary separator technology that impedes the growth of dendrites.
- Early fault detection: continuously monitors the cell and can detect a potential short before it occurs and enables a safe discharge and shutdown of the individual battery cell. This will also prevent the mass recall of products by pinpointing defective products and recalling only those.
- Integrates with lithium-metal and conventional lithium-ion batteries: offers the same safety benefits for conventional lithium-ion and lithium-metal cells as it does for 24M SemiSolidT cells.
“For many years safety challenges have limited the commercial viability of the most promising next-generation cell chemistries,” said 24M chief scientist and MIT professor Yet-Ming Chiang. “The ability to prevent dendrites and detect internal faults that 24M Impervio has shown can enable the commercialization of a new class of large area, high energy density batteries based on lithium-metal and silicon-dominant chemistries.”
24M internal comparison tests of baseline cells, NMC/graphite cells without Impervio, against identical cells with Impervio, demonstrated the significant safety advantages of the Impervio cell.
In one test, the cathode of the baseline and Impervio cells were each intentionally contaminated with ~1% stainless steel. This caused the baseline cell to short immediately after formation, while the Impervio cell, under the same conditions, suppressed the stainless steel dendrite and surpassed 800 cycles with a capacity retention of over 83%.
In a second test, the baseline and Impervio cells intentionally exposed copper on the anode to stimulate the formation of a lithium-metal dendrite. This led to a rapid soft short of the baseline cell, while the Impervio cell suppressed the lithium-metal dendrite and delivered stable coulombic efficiency during cycling — meaning no soft short between the cathode and anode.
24M expects to fully demonstrate mass production of Impervio by the end of 2024 and introduce it to the market in 2025 or 2026. 24M is currently working in collaboration with volume production partners and license partners for initial product launch.
This latest 24M innovation comes on the heels of the company’s launch of its transformative electrode-to-pack battery technology — 24M ETOP — which sets the foundation for unmatched system energy density. With the introduction of these new technologies, 24M is moving beyond its core technology — the 24M SemiSolid and Unit Cell manufacturing platform — and offering a revolutionary technology set that enables a better energy future.
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Filed Under: Batteries, Technology News